History of Karlovy Vary

Karlovy Vary, also known as Carlsbad, is a picturesque spa town located in western Bohemia, Czech Republic. It is known for its hot springs, beautiful architecture, and scenic landscapes. But beyond its natural beauty and world-famous spas, Karlovy Vary has a rich history that spans centuries.

Karlsbad Karlovy Vary 1870
Karlsbad Karlovy Vary 1870

In this blog post, we’ll explore the fascinating history of Karlovy Vary, from its early beginnings to its present-day allure as a tourist destination.

Origins and Early History

The history of Karlovy Vary can be traced back to the 14th century when the town was founded by Charles IV, the Holy Roman Emperor. Legend has it that he discovered the hot springs while out hunting and was so impressed by their healing properties that he decided to build a spa town around them.

During the Renaissance period, Karlovy Vary became a popular destination for European nobility, who came to bathe in the healing waters and enjoy the luxurious accommodations. The town’s fame grew even further in the 18th century when it became a popular destination for wealthy Germans, Russians, and Austrians.

Throughout the centuries, Karlovy Vary was known for its unique architecture, including many grand spa buildings and hotels that were constructed during the 19th and early 20th centuries. One notable example is the Grandhotel Pupp, a luxurious hotel that has hosted numerous celebrities and heads of state.

20th Century and World Wars

The early 20th century brought both prosperity and hardship to Karlovy Vary. In the years leading up to World War I, the town experienced a period of great growth and modernization, with new hotels, theaters, and other cultural institutions being built.

1901 year

However, the outbreak of World War I brought tourism to a halt, and the town suffered greatly as a result. In the aftermath of the war, the newly-formed Czechoslovakia took control of the town, and it became an important spa destination once again.

During World War II, Karlovy Vary was occupied by Nazi Germany, and many of its residents were forced to flee. The town was heavily damaged during the war, and many of its historic buildings were destroyed. However, after the war, the town was rebuilt and once again became a popular destination for tourists.

Recent History and Modern-Day Karlovy Vary

In the years following World War II, Karlovy Vary continued to thrive as a spa town, attracting visitors from around the world. However, the town was also affected by the communist regime that ruled Czechoslovakia for several decades, with many of its hotels and other buildings falling into disrepair.

1870 year

After the fall of communism in 1989, Karlovy Vary once again began to flourish. Today, it is a vibrant tourist destination that offers a unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty.

Visitors to Karlovy Vary can explore the town’s many hot springs and spas, including the popular Vřídlo hot spring, which is the hottest in Europe. The town is also home to many museums and galleries, including the Moser Glass Museum, which showcases the town’s rich glass-making heritage.

In addition to its cultural attractions, Karlovy Vary is also known for its natural beauty, with many scenic hiking trails and lookout points offering stunning views of the surrounding landscape.


Karlovy Vary is a town that has truly stood the test of time. From its humble beginnings as a small spa town in the 14th century to its status as a world-renowned destination for healing and relaxation, it has persevered through wars, political turmoil, and periods of economic hardship.

Today, Karlovy Vary is a true gem of the Czech Republic, attracting visitors from all over the world who come to experience its natural beauty, rich history, and unique culture. Whether you’re interested in soaking in the healing waters of its hot springs or exploring its museums and galleries, there is something for everyone in this charming town.

So if you’re planning a trip to the Czech Republic, be sure to add Karlovy Vary to your itinerary. With its fascinating history, breathtaking scenery, and warm hospitality, it is truly a destination like no other.